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What Genre Of Document Is The Sykes-Picot Agreement

Sources:Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All rights reserved. L. Stein, The Balfour Declaration (1961), 237-69, index; E. Kedourie, England and the Middle East (1956), 29-66, 102-41; J. Nevakivi, Great Britain, France and the Arab Middle East (1969), 35-44, index; C. Sykes, Two Studies in Virtue (1953), Index; H.F. Freshwater-Ra`ana, The Frontiers of a Nation (1955), 5-73; I.

Friedman: The Question of Palestine, 1914 – 1918. British Jewish-Arab relations (1973, 19922), 97-118; Ditto, Palestine: A promised land twice? The British, Arabs and Zionism, 1915 – 1920 (2000), 47-60. The memorandum was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and circulated for notice. On 16 January, Sykes informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris could agree. On 21 January, Nicolson convened an inter-departmental conference. Following the meeting, on 2 February 3, the War Commission examined it and it was finally decided, at a meeting on the fourth meeting between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, that: in the Sykes-Picot Agreement, concluded on 19 May 1916, France and Great Britain shared the Arab territories of the former Ottoman Empire in spheres of influence. In its intended area, it was agreed that each country can establish a direct or indirect administration or control, as they wish and as they see fit to agree with the Arab State or with the Arab confederation. Under Sykes-Picot, the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon went to France; Britain would take direct control of central and southern Mesopotamia around the provinces of Baghdad and Basra. Palestine would have an international administration, because other Christian powers, namely Russia, were interested in this region. The rest of the territory in question – a vast territory with syria today, Mosul in northern Iraq and Jordan – would have local Arab leaders under French surveillance to the north and Britons to the south.

In addition, Britain and France would retain free passage and trade within the other`s zone of influence. At the French Embassy in London, David Lloyd George and Clemenceau met on Sunday, December 1, for a private and undocumented meeting in which the French embassy returned French rights to Mosul (city of Mosul and south to Little Zab) and to Palestine, given by the Sykes-Picot agreement. [d] Although Lloyd George and others claimed that nothing had been given in return, according to Ian Rutledge and James Barr, Lloyd George promised at least one, if not all, of France`s support for the French claims in the Ruhr region, that if oil production began in Mosul, France would receive a share and that the Sykes-Picot commitment would be maintained with regard to Syria. [82] [83] [84] As a further sign of British discontent with Sykes-Picot, Sykes wrote in August a “memorandum on the Asia Minor Agreement” to support its renegotiation, to make the French understand that they “are doing good, that if they cannot make military efforts, they should change their policy.” After much discussion, Sykes was ordered to enter into an agreement or complement to Sykes-Picot (“Project Arrangement”) on the “future status of hejaz and Arabia,” which was reached until the end of September. [64] However, before the end of the year, the agreement still had to be ratified by the French government. [65] One of Daesh`s stated objectives is to dismantle the agreement. The head of the outfit, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for the decomposed nations of the region to be replaced by a transnational regional power called the “caliphate”. The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Agreement took place during the First World War and aimed at other objectives in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and was part of a series of secret agreements that reflected on its partition.

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